Les Levine was born in Dublin in 1935.
Considered a major originator of the conceptual movement, he was one of the first artists to use video tapes for artistic purposes.This “media sculptor” incorporated many technological and information tools into his art, such as the television, radio, billboards, telephone and other means of mass communication. His 1973 show entitled The Troubles: An Artist’s Document of Ulster introduced the concept of art as a sociological tool. Les Levine is the recipient of many awards, including the first prize for sculpture in the Canadian Sculpture Biennal. He is also a writer, lecturer and panelist. During the 1970s, he was the Associate Professor at NYU and the Distinguished Professor of Video Art at William Patterson College.
Diego Rivera was one of Mexico's most famous artists. He rebelled against the traditional school of painting and developed a style that combined historical, social, and political ideas. He is famous for his controversial murals. His great body of work reflects cultural changes taking place in Mexico and around the world during the 20th century.
Ice sculpture is the art of carving shapes out of ice. Sculptures range from small table decorations to entire towns of ice seen in winter festivals all over the world. This art began in China and Russia many centuries ago.
In the 1600's, native hunters and fishermen of the Chinese province of Heilongjiang, on the border of Russia, designed ice lanterns for dark winter nights. They filled buckets with water to make ice. The ice would be slid out and then a hole was dug into the ice block to hold a candle to make a lantern. People started hanging decorated lanterns from their houses and carrying them in carnivals. In 1897, the Transsiberian Railway was extended through the small Chinese fishing town of Harbin in Heilongjiang, once occupied by Russia. As a result of the traffic, Harbin grew into a big city. With below freezing winds from Siberia, and ice from the frozen Songhua river, Harbin became the home of the annual International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival. Currently, this festival features the work of thousands of artists from all over the world.
In 1740, the Empress Anna in Russia, commissioned the first monumental scale ice palace by Piotr Eropkin, The palace included ice cannons that fired ice cannon balls, and an ice elephant linked to a canal through pipes thath sprayed water out of its trunk. Since then, complete ice towns have been built in the northern cities of Russia. In 2000, a replica of Anna's ice palace was built in the first International Sand and Ice festival at St. Petersburg. Nine hundred and eighty square feet and 21 feet tall, the palace was built by fusing together blocks of ice from the Neva river. Russians claim that St. Petersburg was where ice sculpture began.
There are two ways to make ice sculpture: You can carve into a block of ice or make a mold. Blocks of ice are obtained from frozen rivers and lakes. Typically water that freezes slowly makes clear ice and is preferred by artists to make ice sculptures. In some places, artificial blocks of ice are made for this purpose.
You can order custom or designed ice sculptures to use as centerpieces for celebrations such as weddings, birthdays ,etc. Depending on the weather and the structure of the sculpture, ice art can melt in just a few hours or months. The Harbin International Ice festival, for example, runs for two months. Artists enter elaborate ice sculptures at competitions and festivals held annually all over the world.
Ice festivals are seen in places that get very cold. Festivals in Sapporo, Japan, for instance, feature sculpture on an architectural scale such as ice castles and pagodas. The winter carnival in Alaska has participants from over 100 teams annually, including teams from countries such as China and the United States. In Sweden an ice hotel complete with bedrooms and a bar is built every year.
A truly amazing and original artist, Edward St. John Gorey (1925-2000), gave to the world over one hundred works, including The Gashlycrumb Tinies, The Doubtful Guest and The Wuggly Ump; prize-winning set and costume designs for innumerable theater productions from Cape Cod to Broadway; a remarkable number of illustrations in publications such as The New Yorker and The New York Times, and in books by a wide array of authors from Charles Dickens to Edward Lear, Samuel Beckett, John Updike, Virginia Woolf, H.G. Wells, Florence Heide and many others. His well known animated credits for the PBS Mystery series have introduced him to millions of television viewers. Gorey's masterful pen and ink illustrations and his ironic, offbeat humor have brought him critical acclaim and an avid following throughout the world.
Bridget Riley (1931) is a well-known British artist celebrated since the mid-1960s for her distinctive, optically vibrant paintings, called “Op Art.” She explores optical phenomena and juxtaposes color either by using a chromatic technique of identifiable hues or by selecting achromatic colors (black, white or gray). In doing so, her work appears to flicker, pulsate and move, encouraging the viewer’s visual tension. Riley’s vibrant optical pattern paintings, which she painted in the 1960s, were hugely popular and become a hallmark of the period.
American Pop Artist Barbara Kruger was born in Newark, New Jersey in 1945 and left there in 1964 to attend Syracuse University. Early on she developed an interest in graphic design, poetry, writing and attended poetry readings. After studying for a year at Syracuse she moved to New York where she began attending Parsons School of Design in 1965. She studied with fellow artists/photographers Diane Arbus and Marvin Israel, who introduced Kruger to other photographers and fashion/magazine sub-cultures. After a year at Parsons, Kruger again left school and worked at Condé Nast Publications in 1966. Not long after she started to work at Mademoiselle magazine as an entry-level designer, she was promoted to head designer a year later. Later still she worked as a graphic designer, art director, and picture editor in the art departments at “House and Garden”, “Aperture,” and did magazine layouts, book jacket designs, and freelance picture editing for other publications. Her decade of background in design is evident in the work for which she is now internationally renowned. Like Andy Warhol, Kruger was heavily influenced by her years working as a graphic designer.
Kruger’s earliest artworks date to 1969. Large woven wall hangings of yarn, beads, sequins, feathers, and ribbons, they exemplify the feminist recuperation of craft during this period. Despite her inclusion in the Whitney Biennial in 1973 and solo exhibitions at Artists Space and Fischbach Gallery, both in New York, the following two years, she was dissatisfied with her output and its detachment from her growing social and political concerns. In the fall of 1976, Kruger abandoned art making and moved to Berkeley, California, where she taught at the University of California for four years and steeped herself in the writings of Walter Benjamin and Roland Barthes. She took up photography in 1977, producing a series of black-and-white details of architectural exteriors paired with her own textual ruminations on the lives of those living inside. Published as an artist’s book, Picture/Readings (1979) foreshadows the aesthetic vocabulary Kruger developed in her mature work. By 1979 Barbara Kruger stopped taking photographs and began to employ found images in her art, mostly from mid-century American print-media sources, with words collaged directly over them. Her 1980 untitled piece commonly known as "Perfect" portrays the torso of a woman, hands clasped in prayer, evoking the Virgin Mary, the embodiment of submissive femininity; the word “perfect” is emblazoned along the lower edge of the image. These early collages in which Kruger deployed techniques she had perfected as a graphic designer, inaugurated the artist’s ongoing political, social, and especially feminist provocations and commentaries on religion, racial and gender stereotypes, consumerism, corporate greed, and power.
Is a Canadian artist, writer,cartoonist and toy designer and entrepreneur, best known for his work in comic books, such as the fantasy series Spawn.In the late 1980s and early 1990s, McFarlane became a comic book superstar due to his work on Marvel Comic's Spiderman Marv franchise, on which he was the artist to draw the first full appearances of the supervillain Venom In 1992, he helped form Image Comics, pulling the character Spawn from his high school portfolio and updating him for the 1990s. Spawn was a popular hero in the 1990s and encouraged a trend in creator owned comic book properties.
Since leaving inking duties on Spawn with issue No. 70 (February 1998), McFarlane has illustrated comic books less often, focusing on entrepreneurial efforts, such as McFarlane Toys and Todd McFarlane Entertainment, a film and animation studio. In September 2006, it was announced that McFarlane would be the Art Director of the newly created 38 Studios, formerly Green Monster Games.
In the early 1980s, McFarlane went to college on a baseball scholarship, and studied graphic art.
Seeking to find work drawing comics, McFarlane sent out dozens of submissions each month to editors, totaling over 700 submissions in total, most of which were in the form of pinups. Half resulted in no response, while the other half resulted in rejection letters, though he received some constructive criticism from a few editors. One of them,DC, gave McFarlane a dummy script in order to gauge McFarlane's page-to-page storytelling ability. Amendola's advice that McFarlane's submissions needed to focus page-to-page stories rather than pinups led McFarlane to create a five-page sample that he initially sent to Marvel Comics.They passed it along to the editors of the Marvel imprint Epic Comics, which published it. He soon began drawing for both DC and Marvel. McFarlane illustrated the latter three issues for Detective Comics, Batman: Year Two storyline. He moved to Marvel's The Incredible Hulk, which he drew from 1987 to 1988.
Caroline McCarthy was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1971. She studied Fine Art at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin, 1989 – 1994 and at Goldsmiths College, London, 1997 - 1998. She lives and works in London. Past awards include the Allied Irish Bank Artist Award in 2001; Open Award at EV+A 1996 and 2000; and a Multi-Annual Bursary award from the Arts Council of Ireland, 2007/2008. Her work is included in the collection of Irish Museum of Modern Art, Allied Irish Bank, Arts Council of Ireland, Zabludowicz Collection UK, Berge Collection Spain, and many private collections.
Crisps, toilet-paper, plastic bags, packaging, rubbish and furniture are some of the raw materials used by Caroline McCarthy to bring value and taste to the surface of everyday objects and images.
Bringing such unassuming material into conversation with methods of art production and display, her work falls somewhere between the conceptual and the comical, the mundane and the poetic.
Corey was born in Nashville, Tennessee in a family of Artists. He was exposed to color and form at an early age by his grandmother a quilt artist, and his mother who was gifted with a feel for design and an eye for detail which she expressed in all aspects of her daily life. This is the root of Barksdale's creative expression. Barksdale earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree at the Atlanta College of Art in 1994. During this period he was influenced by the abstract expressionists and admired such mainstream artists as Jasper Johns, Clifford Still, William deKooning. The African-American masters Aaron Douglas, John Biggers, Romere Bearden, and William Tolliver instilled in him a appreciation of African/American artistic heritage.
A prolific Atlanta artist, his fine art subject matter ranges from human figures to abstract designs. He has concentrated his talents on themes that portray the love and strength that exists within the African American community. His work can be seen on the covers of books, magazines, musical artists CD covers and posters. He enjoys giving back to his community through art education.
Jerry was born june 11, 1934. He is an American photographer and the grandfather of the photomontage in 20th century in America.
When he was fourteen, he began his interest in photography. He believed that through photography he could exist outside of himself, to live in a world captured through the lens. Even though he was not an "A" student, he managed to land a few jobs, mostly photographs of models. Eventually Uelsmann went on to earn a BA from the Rochester Institute of Technology and M.S. and M.F.A. degrees from Indiana University. Soon after, he began teaching photography at the University of Florida in 1960. In 1967, he had his first solo exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art. This boosted his photography career.
Uelsmann is a master printer, producing complex photographs with multiple negatives and a lot of darkroom work. He uses up to a dozen enlargers at a time to produce his final images, and has a large archive of negatives that he has shot over the years. The negatives that Uelsmann uses are known to reappear within his work, acting as a focal point in one work, and background as another. He didn't care about the boundaries given by the photographers of his time. He wanted to share with the viewer the images from his imagination and saw photomontage as the means to do so. He still uses traditional equipment today.